Colombia is undergoing a transitional justice process, in which society wants to know who participated in the internal armed conflict for economic purposes. The recently created Truth Commission must be a space to facilitate this discussion and unveil the role that economic actors played during the war.
In countries transitioning from war to peace, the search and exhumation of bodies create a tension between the victims' right to privacy and the public interest of reconstructing the collective memory. Given this, how can events related to armed conflict and the transition to peace be narrated without violating the right to privacy of victims?
Colombia has a unique opportunity to build a future without an armed conflict. However, the statistics are against Colombian success, since 45% of the peace accords signed between 1989 and 2004 failed within the first five years of implementation. Therefore, there should not be additional destabilizing factors such as a breach of agreement.
It stands in the corner of Damascus Road and Independence Avenue, along what used to be the “Green Line” that divided Beirut into the Christian East and Muslim West during its bloody civil war that lasted from 1975 until 1990. In the midst of a busy traffic intersection, Beit Barakat, or the Barakat House, is an assuming edifice.
In a year where there have been plenty of bad news, the world received the culmination of the negotiation process to end the armed conflict in Colombia as refreshing news.
A Colombia in peace must have memory, courage, and hope: memory of the received history, courage to face the present, and hope for the future” (Pope Francis)
In a workshop organized by Dejusticia last year, professor Kathryn Sikkink asked the participants if we believed that the human rights situation in the world would improve, worsen, or remain the same.
Recently, much has been said about the constitutional protection (blindaje jurídico) of the Colombian peace agreements, which the Colombian government and the FARC-EP will sign in the upcoming days. In fact, on May 12, the parties communicated that the peace agreements would have various domestic and international commitments.